Existentialism in 3 MinutesWhile the predominant value of existentialist thought is commonly acknowledged to be freedom, its primary virtue is authenticity. Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II, thanks to Sartre who read Heidegger while in a POW camp, and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. The term "existentialism" French: L'existentialisme was coined by the French Catholic philosopher Gabriel Marcel in the mids. The lecture was published as L'existentialisme est un humanisme Existentialism is a Humanism , a short book that did much to popularize existentialist thought. Some scholars argue that the term should be used only to refer to the cultural movement in Europe in the s and s associated with the works of the philosophers Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir , Maurice Merleau-Ponty , and Albert Camus.
Guideline 1: Always be authentic. Thus, the most attractive quality that an existentialist is looking for is authenticity to oneself. This means that you should not lie about yourself in order to impress your date. You should also be honest about things you like or dislike whether or not they agree with you.
In my opinion, people are drawn to codified existentialism because they already suffer from existential angst and despair. What that translates to for you, is that your partner might have bouts of frustration with society and depression this is especially likely if you are undergraduates, because undergraduates are the whiniest, most confused people I know.
Even an existentialist is likely to hide such social faux pas as a mental instability because even she feels the pressure of stigma, despite her authenticityso this is a problem that will probably only arise in serious relationships. When your significant other goes through these phases, it is important to handle them well, which means keeping your calm and not using is as fight fodder later.
Guideline 3: Watch movies and discuss existential qualities in them.
Five tips for relationship happiness from existential philosophers
Of course, by now, you should have realized that when dating any type of academically or philosophically bent person, films by Wes Anderson are a must. Go for The Darjeeling Limited.
I also recommend the chronology of films by Woody Allen especially the stuff before Mia Farrow. Sleeper is a good choice, so is Midnight in Paris. Guideline 4: Existence precedes essence.
This concept says that the most important thing about an individual is the fact that that person is an individual. If you are a sociologist trying to date an existentialist, I can tell you right now that it is not going to work out. To a sociologist, a person is largely the product of society, but to an existentialist, a person is herself or himself an individual primarily.
Existential philosophers suggest that the problem is that romantic relationships rarely live up to the ideal. We rarely fall in love with just one. I suppose to start I better admit that I have never been in a relationship, or really gone on any "real" date, so I am speaking from a position of. Existentialism is the philosophical study that begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual.
An existentialist is defined by her own consciousness, the fact that she is a thinking, breathing being, as opposed to the assumed roles and stereotypes that society tries to throw on her. The actuality of her life is her essence, not what society uses to define her. What this means for you is that you should stop studying sociology if you want to date an existentialist. Guideline 5: Embrace the Absurd. The Absurd is a key concept in existentialism.
No meaning according to the Absurd can be found in the world except the meaning that we give to the world. Both good and bad things will happen to good and bad people.
Because life is absurd. We create meaning. To really embrace the Absurd, I recommend that you explore the philosophical teachings of Monty Python. They are experts in the Absurd and in philosophy and in soccer. Guideline 6: Take things as they are.Why Stoicism Matters
This comes from a concept created by Sarte called facticity. Wonderful, wonderful Wikipedia explains facticity in terms of the past. Your past is a part of who you are, but it is not all of who you are which would negate the present and the future. You are not never your past, because it is what it is, but you are also not only your past.
Denying the past would be inauthentic. Accepting facticity will help you to relax with your date, go with the flow. Sometimes things are how they are. In the western world, lovers are free from arranged marriages.
Yet all too often we bring chains to relationships in the form of misplaced expectations and ideals. Yet they all loved loving and sought to explore the sources of frustrations in romantic relationships and how relationships could be more meaningful.
Some people are apparently totally cool with living in an absurd world. Presumably, these folks don't experience existence as futile or see. I once went to the Johnny Rockets in the Palisades Mall with my friends Emily and Hiram. Our waiter was a self-proclaimed existentialist who. Skye Cleary, the author of Existentialism and Romantic Love reaches for her existential classics for help, with five philosophical tips for a happy.
Below are five key existential messages for 21st century lovers. Too often, lovers use relationships as an escape from the world, according to Simone de Beauvoir. The feeling of security is comforting, but it becomes problematic when lovers make the relationship the only source of meaning in their lives. This is a risky way to be in a relationship because love that lasts a lifetime is the exception, not the rule.
Relationships would be better if lovers were stronger-willed, mastered their passions, and were better friends. Relationships are more interesting and stronger if both lovers pursue rich and diversified lives through their authentic projects.
The more intimate lovers are, the deeper insights they give each other. This, Sartre thought, is why love is really conflict. Later Sartre said that an authentic love would not try to rob the other of their freedom.
Sartre and de Beauvoir attempted this by giving each other the freedom to fall in love with other people. Love distracts—or even worse, actively prevents—lovers from achieving great things.
Nietzsche described lovers as becoming like dragons guarding treasure or cooping each other up like exotic birds in a cage.
Romantic loving is beautiful, extraordinary, and intoxicating—the problem is that it tends to be fleeting. Relationships would be deeper and more meaningful if lovers would stop letting themselves be pushed around by their animal instincts. He thought that lovers could turn relationships into something more stable and enduring by owning themselves and making commitments.
So he recommended that lovers choose despair and marry. Love is a sweet and enjoyable experience that makes life richer. Their lives are about immediate gratification. The goal of their relationships is sex.
Well, Soren Kierkegaard — the first existential thinker — would say that these people are prisoners to their natural urges. They treat other people as sexual objects. They lead shallow, empty, and meaningless existences because they make no meaningful choices. They are floaters in life and are doomed to melancholy and despair. Own your passions.
Existentialism and dating
Here is where the problems start, according to the French existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre. Trying to merge is frustrating because although we can control our own behavior, it takes two to tango.
Dating brings us close to a particular strand of philosophy that, the rest of the time, might not seem particularly relevant to our lives: existentialism. One of the movement’s major proponents – Jean-Paul Sartre – developed a set of ideas that help explain, and give dignity. Feminism is a collection of movements aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, and social rights for women. Existentialism is a.
We want to control our lover so that we can become one and obliterate our differences. Instead of seeking perfect unity, embrace your differences and accept each other as unique and as individuals.
Weak relationships are based on dependency, control, and restrictions. Strong relationships are based on camaraderie, encouragement, concurrent striving, and flourishing. They open each other up to new experiences, possibilities, and opportunities. Be catalytic muses for each other. Moreover, ending the relationship might not be up to you. So just in case, pursue a rich and diversified life.
Strive to be authentic.